The blog at ABE books has a brief article about the history of dust jackets.
The 30 designs they chose to illustrate the post include five titles from science fiction and fantasy authors –
The Outsiders and Others (Lovecraft, illustrated by Finlay), Foundation (Asimov, illustrated by David Kyle), The Drought (Ballard, illustrated by David Fawcett ), Star Maker (Stapledon, illustrated by Bip Pares.) and Jungle Girl (Burroughs and illustrated by Studley O. Burroughs) as well as a handful of other genre works –
Fantasia, The Maltese Falcon, Moonraker, Fer-de-Lance, and Stuart Little,
Check out the illustrations here.